This assignment will allow me to analyze and explain in detail the various factors that contribute to additional needs. I will be reviewing two cases. One involves a child who is severely disabled. An adult with type 2 diabetes or down syndrome is another victim. These cases are described in detail. I also explain the diagnosis and how it was done. In my case studies I will examine the needs of one individual with special additional needs and one child. These needs are influenced by family and other factors. I will also discuss the health and physical needs. I will continue my examination of the child’s well-being and that of their parents, as well as their intellectual and social status.
It will allow me to determine their actions. These people often inherit additional needs or are born with them. Others may develop the condition themselves. An individual with additional need simply means that they are unable to do something or have severe disabilities. People with additional needs, regardless of their severity or non-severe conditions, will need help to accomplish certain tasks. Examples of these additional needs include dementia and dyspraxia. There are many learning difficulties. Learning difficulties are often a sign that someone is struggling to learn. As these skills will assist them in achieving their normal lives, they seek out the assistance. These learning difficulties are mild, moderate, and severe learning disabilities. Mild Learning Disability is when someone can speak with others but cannot comprehend them. This is because they will have difficulty adapting and socializing with their peers. This condition can cause people to have difficulty expressing themselves and others will notice their slow speech and poor language skills. They may also struggle to adapt to new environments. Moderate learning difficulty is more severe. They are unable or unwilling to learn basic vocabulary skills and find everyday life difficult. Further, severe or profound learning difficulties can be more severe than either of the two. These people have limited ability to understand language and use gestures to convey their ideas.
To communicate well with others, they need additional assistance due to multiple disabilities. To diagnose and help the individual, or to provide support, diagnostic procedures can be used.
DementiaDementia can be a mental illness that causes memory loss. They may experience difficulty thinking for themselves and have frequent mood swings. These people will struggle to adapt to new languages. The brain supply problem that causes this condition is not able to allow people with it to perform tasks like problem solving. Alzheimer’s is a condition that can lead to minor strokes. There are multiple types of dementia. Different symptoms can be classified.
Virus dementia and Korsakoff’s Syndrome are two examples. However, the brain’s condition will determine how it affects. There may be cases where multiple dementias are present. Dementia usually occurs at the end of life or via genetic inheritance. The ability of doctors to diagnose dementia depends on the individual’s behavior, change in behaviour, and personality.  Brain scans are also performed by doctors to assess this condition. These tests can be used to diagnose and treat dementia. They must hold a degree as a clinical neuropsychologist.  A psychiatrist or geriatrician will refer people suffering from dementia to these specialists if things become serious. A medical degree is necessary to become a psychiatrist. To become a physician, you must also have a medical degree. You may notice that your patient is having frequent confusions. They might also be unable to focus and have lost their memories of events. Some people can become anxious or aggressive very quickly as the symptoms can progress over time. Sometimes, it can become so severe that they are unable to eat or walk independently. It is possible that they will need assistance with daily tasks, such as showering or getting dressed.
DyspraxiaDyspraxia affects the person’s abilities to do everyday activities and tasks, as well as their ability to learn new skills. Dyspraxia can be a form of developmental coordination disorder. This is a condition where individuals have trouble remembering information and processing it. As signals cannot be sent correctly to the brain, this condition is similar to dementia. Dyspraxia may be present as an infant, which can lead to motor difficulties.
This condition can be easily noticed in people. People with it will experience a loss of focus. They will find it difficult to focus on specific things, which can lead to a loss of concentration. Other symptoms include low self-esteem and inability to learn new skills. Dyspraxia can cause a person to be extremely unorganized. Dyspraxia may be diagnosed early on. However, it can quickly get worse if the person with the condition does not receive the support they need. They will become less able to work with others and will have difficulty learning from them.  A paediatrician is recommended for dyspraxia assessment. A GP refers a paediatric occupationaltherapist to treat the condition. A master’s degree is required for paediatric occupational therapists. A bachelor’s degree is necessary to become an paediatrician. A four-year undergraduate degree is required for paediatricians. These degrees will enable them to help and support people suffering from this condition. They are responsible in diagnosing the condition and organizing check-ups. Sometimes, symptoms can become severe. In these cases, another specialist may need to intervene such as a Neurodevelopmental Paediatrician. This is a specialist who specializes in the nervous and developmental systems.
There are several diagnostics depending on the severity and type of condition. For example, a child may receive extra support from parents or teachers during school hours as well as at home so that they can get to know their surroundings. They also gain educational support. This helps them make better decisions and take part in more activities. This will enable them develop communication skills and other life skills. A second diagnostic is to teach the child early life skills and learning strategies. This will allow them to manage their day and be able to adapt to it.
It is important that dyspraxia sufferers are taught in a peaceful environment. This will allow them to focus and retain their attention. Dyspraxia is a condition where children have trouble controlling their motor skills.  Diagnosis refers to the diagnosis of a person’s illness or condition based on their symptoms.
Rebecca Brown is a disabled child from an accident. Because she has been a victim of additional needs at such an young age, she urgently requires support. She is unable to move below her pelvis due to her severe condition. Because of this, she was forced to use her wheelchair to get around. Rebecca’s disability makes it difficult for her family to provide support while she works. Her mum therefore spends more time caring for her than making money. Her dad is a factory worker and her parents are not well-paid. This can be difficult for a child who is just beginning to make their way in the world.
Rebecca’s disabled family makes it difficult for Rebecca and her family to be accepted in their community. Sometimes they were also treated rudely and received rude comments. People with disabilities are often treated differently as they are unable to or incapable of doing certain things. People with additional needs are often discriminated against. Her doctors diagnosed her by using procedures like x-rays scans. These are the duties of a radiologist. To become a radiologist, one must have a degree from a health and human services professional council. Doctors can use x-rays to examine her for future treatment. To assist her in daily living, she was fitted with a wheelchair. A school for students with additional needs was also required. She would receive more assistance than a normal school. A teaching assistant is available to provide support during school hours. This allows her to be more successful at work, both at school as well as at home.
Rebecca’s condition will make it impossible for her to walk normally for the rest.  She had fractured her spinal cord. The spinal cord is the most crucial part of the body. It sends signals to the nervous systems, which allows movement to occur in the body.
My second case study will focus on Ben Grace, an adult with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes can be a life-long condition. This condition means that people with it will have to take medication throughout their lives. Down syndrome can be passed from one generation to the next. People with Down syndrome have 47 pair of chromosomes rather than 46. The extrachromosome attaches in another chromosome. This is not a genetic defect during contraception and cannot be passed on to others. Translocation can occur when the chromosomes are rearranging their parts. One procedure Ben could undergo to determine if he has down syndrome is Chorionic Villus sampling.  Chorionic villus sampling is the process of taking cells from the placenta. This allows for the analysis of the fetal genomes. Ben, who has two medical conditions, would need to be subjected to another test to determine if they are both type 2 diabetics. This test checks for glucose levels in blood and urine. Ben has probably had type 2 diabetes because of his higher glucose intake than the norm. After Ben’s visit to his GP, a nutritionist or specialist will be able to help him. A health care specialist will offer assistance to people with Down syndrome.  A Bachler degree would be required to become a nutritionist.  You will need to have a degree in childcare professional at level 3, and a two-year experience working in a child care facility.
Ben is expected to continue having the Down syndrome throughout his entire life. For type 2 diabetes, he would have had insulin. However, Ben doesn’t follow the diet plan for type 2 diabetes.